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What is Yin and what is Yang ?
The concept of Yin and Yang is fundamental to the study of Feng Shui, Chinese Metaphysics and Medicine.
To the ancient Chinese the universe began out a state of nothingness or quiescence called "Wu Ji".
From Wu Ji emerged the "Tai Ji" The Supreme Greatness.
- Wu Ji is the realm of the absolute
- Tai Ji is the realm of the relative
The Tai Ji is the iconic symbol comprising of the Yin and Yang, with each containing the seed of its opposite, indicating that yin and yang are dynamic and relative.
The Tai Ji shows that nothing is absolutely Yin or absolutely Yang. When Yang reaches its maximum, Yin emerges, and as Yin reaches its maximum, Yang emerges.
Yin creates Yang and Yang creates Yin.
- Yang can be translated to mean the sunny side of a hill or river
- Yin the shady side of a hill or river.
Light and dark, hot and cold, summer and winter, male and female, left and right, high and low are common examples and manifestations of yin and yang.
These seemingly polar opposites are complimentary and relative to each other. There is only light because there is dark, each requires the other to exist,
Yin and Yang are engaged in a constant cycle of transformation and change, Feng Shui like Chinese Medicine seeks to maintain harmony and balance between these forces.
Feng Shui is the study of the effect of Mountains and Water on human settlements and the fortune or misfortune generated by their positions.
Mountains are considered Yin and Waters are considered Yang.
Mountains are stationary, relative to Waters which are moving.
Cities, villages and buildings are located, sited, orientated and designed in order receive the beneficial influences of Mountains and Water courses.
Classical Feng Shui schools use compass formulas in conjunction with the topography to identify where the forces of yin and yang, Mountains and Water are harmonized.
Information provided by George Bennis